4 Fundemental Tips to Basic Skin Care
Human skin is the
largest of all the organs in the body. Acting as a barrier from harmful
pollutants, bacteria, and other microorganisms, our skin plays an important role
in protecting our bodies and furthermore, the appearance of physical aging. With
so many anti aging skin care products on drugstore shelves and in department store cases,
proper and effective skin care may seem overwhelming, if not confusing. Luckily,
taking care of our skin is much easier than it seems. Let's explore the
essential skin care regiment every person should follow.
The purpose of cleansing is to remove excess dirt, germs, oils, sebum, and
cosmetics from the skin. Cleansers generally come in two different forms: bars
and liquids. The traditional bar cleanser is often the most effective in
removing dirt and oil from the skin, but it also has a drying, irritating
effect. Liquid cleansers come in cremes (typically used on dry and sensitive
skin types) and gels or foams (formulated for combination, oily, or acne-prone
skin types). The greatest pitfall with cleansing is the belief that clean skin
should feel dry and tight. This is actually a sign of over cleansing.
Unfortunately, this can actually accelerate the aging process, so ensure your
cleanser leaves your skin feeling soft and smooth.
Sold under a multitude of names like 'clarifying lotion', 'toning lotions',
'astringents' and 'refiners', toner is the next essential skin care step taken
after cleansing. Toning removes any remaining impurities on the skin. High
quality toners are known to reduce inflammation, hydrate as well as moisturize
the skin. Some even provide anti-irritant and anti-oxidant protection to skin.
Toner is usually a clear liquid or gel applied to a cotton ball or pad which is
then swept over the face and neck. Choose a toner formulated for the needs of
your particular skin type and avoid any toners containing known irritants, SD
alcohol, ethanol, and isopropyl alcohol.
Moisturizing is intended to replace what the steps of cleansing and toning may
have stripped away as well as to supplement the skin's natural moisture.
Moisturizing helps skin to maintain its structure and supple texture, protect
skin cells from the harmful effects of free radicals, and regulate cell
functions to promote a more youthful appearance. Similar to toner, it is
important to choose a moisturizer specially formulated to complement your unique
skin type and to address any special skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis, or
4.Apply SPF Protection
This final step is the most important part of any skin care system.
Surprisingly, even minute-long, daily exposure to harmful UV radiation compounds
over years and results in sunburn, sun damage, and even skin cancer. Sun damage
is the main culprit causing signs of premature aging such as wrinkles, fine
lines, dark spots and other unsightly pigmentations. It is important that any
exposed skin be applied with a daily sunscreen. Many moisturizers contain a
low-level (usually SPF 15) sunscreen, adequate for minimal daily. If you spend
more than just a few minutes a day in the sun, it is highly advisable to apply a
sunscreen with a higher SPF depending on your skin's pigmentation. Even if you
have a darker complexion, sunscreen is essential.