When we talk about pigmentation, we are referring to the coloring or shade of someone’s skin. A natural skin color is generally the color of the skin we were born with. A baby’s skin may be lighter and clearer because he or she has not yet been exposed to the sun’s rays, pollution or other elements that can damage or tint the color of our skins’ shade.

When the skin becomes darker than it normally should be, whether overall or in small or large patches, which is called hyperpigmentation. Hyper, in simple terms, means “too much” of something. In this case, it is too much pigment, or color, of the skin. Melanin is the producer of skin color and when it overproduces melanin, you have dark spots and patches on the face or in other areas. The skin may become darker due to an illness or injury or by an increase in melanin, the substance in the body that is responsible for color (pigment).

Melasma is a good example of what hyperpigmentation is about. In women, melasma is also known as the “mask of pregnancy” as it occurs in the form of dark patches, mostly on the face, during pregnancy. This is most likely to an increase in the formation of estrogen during this time in a woman’s life. Melasma is not restricted to women, though. Men can have this condition also.

Those who suffer from the symptoms of melasma should search out an effective bleach cream to deal with the embarrassment arising from dark marks on the facial area. The condition does alleviate itself after the baby is born, but in the meantime, most women do not want to look in the mirror and see spots on the face. Most women are told that they are glowing when they are pregnant, so being told that they have spots on the face is not a pleasant experience during a time that should be fraught with joy. There are creams that can be prescribed by your dermatologist to help get rid of the spots on the face, but using a cream that possibly contains the active ingredient hydroquinone or even worse, mercury, can be harmful to you and your baby. Wouldn’t using a natural substance make a lot more sense, especially when you are expecting a baby? Other leading causes of melasma are photosensitizing medications, mild ovarian or thyroid dysfunction, and certain cosmetics.

A natural bleach cream to help tame hyperpigmentation would not only work on lightening those dark spots on your face, but would also assure you that no harm will be done to your body or your baby’s developing body. A bleach cream that is developed with natural substances will most likely include niacinamide. This ingredient is rich in Vitamin B, has anti-inflammatory properties and is known to lighten the skin without harmful side effects. Niacinamide can be found in quality hyperpigmentation reduction products, such as those made by AgelessDerma.

Skin color can also be changed by certain medical conditions, other than pregnancy and its hormonal upheaval. Vitiligo causes smooth, white patches on the skin. It can, at times, be found all around the body. The body’s cells that make pigment are not working correctly as a result of this autoimmune disorder.

Another likely cause of skin discoloration is from skin damage. Too much exposure to the sun’s UV rays without proper protection can cause extensive damage to the skin’s outermost layers. Proper protection does not mean tanning lotions. Sunblock must be used to help avoid sun damage and even then, it is not a given that you will not develop spots. The best thing to do is wear a hat and stay out of the sun! With extreme sunburn, scars are a result and can be treated with a skin whitening cream that is all natural. Scars create discolorations or leave the skin with pigment loss. Seek out a quality fade cream if this is your condition.

Genetics can cause dark spots on the skin. Women tend to suffer from hyperpigmentation more than men do. Take a look at your family history to get an idea of whether this condition may possibly be due to genetic factors.